Oleh: kurniawan007 | 6 November 2009

Definition Games

Introduction

The terms game and sport are often used interchangeably, but there are important distinctions. Some games are sports, but some games are not sport. Therefore, the two concepts are related in some ways, but not in others.

A game is “any form of playful competition whose outcome is determined by physical skill, strategy or chance employed singly or in a combination.” (Loy, 1969, p.56). There are three important parts of this definition. First, games derive from play. Second, games involve competition. Third, the outcome of the game is determined by use of physical skill, strategy, and or chance. Not all games are sport, but sport is always game.

Sports are games that involve combinations of physical skill and strategy. Games that involve strong elements of strategy but involve no physical skill are also not sport; bridge, chess, and other board games are examples.

A knowledge of games of their meaning and function is fundamental to the person interested in understanding sport. There are no doubt thousands of games in the world that meet the definitional requirements we have stated, but that are not though of as sport.

Problem

How to differentiating sport and games? What the typical of games?

Solution

A game is “any form of playful competition whose outcome is determined by physical skill, strategy or chance employed singly or in a combination.” (Loy, 1969, p.56). There are three important parts of this definition. First, games derive from play. Second, games involve competition. Third, the outcome of the game is determined by use of physical skill, strategy, and or chance. Not all games are sport, but sport is always game.

Sports are games that involve combinations of physical skill and strategy. Games that involve strong elements of strategy but involve no physical skill are also not sport; bridge, chess, and other board games are examples.

Games also have many secondary rules, which typically define the institutionalized form of the game, or what we might call the parent game. Secondary rules can be altered or modified to make the game more developmentally appropriate or different in some other way without changing the essential character of the game, which is defined by the primary rules.Example of secondary rules are 3-second zone or the 10-second half court rule in basketball.

This game classification has four categories:

1. Territory or invansion games are defined by the problem of needing to invade the space of the opponent to score. Two types of territory invansion games are those in which goals are us in used (basketball, ice hockey, soccer, water polo) and those in which lines are used (American football, rugby).

2. Target games are defined by the primary rules of propelling objects with great accuracy toward targets. Target games can be subdivided interms of whether the opponents are directly opposed or indirectly opposed (golf, bowling).

3. Court games are those in which an object is strategically propelled in ways that cannot be turned by an opponent.

4.  Field games are defined by primary rules that require one opponent to strike an object such as to clued defenders on the field. Cricket, baseball, softball, and rounders are examples.

Suggestion

Sport and games has many difference. Not all games are sport, but sport is always game. This is true definition. But to knowing that difference we should know the important parts of definition sport and games.


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